Central calls of the Climate-Alliance Germany to international climate politics
- The rise in global mean temperature must remain below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels
- Global emissions must peak within the next 10-15 years and be halved by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels)
- Industrialised countries must reduce their emissions by at least 30% by 2020 and 80% by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels). This commitment is crucial and corresponds to the polluter pays principle
- The climate responsibility of emerging economies and developing countries is growing. Industrialised countries should actively support the development of clean energy structures in these countries and take on the role of a forerunner.
- Climate and energy policy must be fully integrated in development policy. Only in this way can poverty be overcome, the millennium development goals be reached and a stabilisation of our climate be ensured.
Industrialised countries are historically responsible for a development which ignores the planet’s ecological limits in order to secure short-term financial benefits and a resource-intensive lifestyle. Therefore, according to the polluter pays principle, those countries, corporations and consumers most responsible for climate change have to pay for climate change induced damages and the cost of adaptation to climate change in the particularly vulnerable developing countries. Furthermore, these countries are – in addition to their own endeavours – entitled to support in the development of a climate-friendly energy system. This is not about charity but about equity.
As a large industrialised nation Germany belongs to the main causers of climate change. Looking at greenhouse gas emissions per capita Germany is 2.5 times above the average. This translates into a global responsibility for Germany. It has to support developing countries and groups that are particularly vulnerable and affected both financially and politically in their endeavours to mitigate climate change (through renewables, energy efficiency, preventing deforestation) and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. At the same time fast progress in the fight against poverty are necessary.
The Climate-Alliance Germany therefore calls on the German government to take the following actions:
1. Providing adequate financing for the struggle against poverty as well as additional financing for climate change mitigation and adaptation policies in developing countries by
- a binding annual tiers roadmap, in order to increase the share of development aid in the Gross domestic income to 0.7% by 2015, particularly by increasing budget resources;
- introducing new financial instruments such as a levy on flight tickets, a financial transaction tax, the auctioning of emissions certificates and a tax on kerosene.
2. Supporting climate-friendly energy policy in developing countries by
- actively influencing national and international development-oriented financial institutions (German Development Bank KfW, World Bank and IMF) to get them to reorientate their funding away from fossil and nuclear energies to renewable, decentralised energy production and energy efficiency technologies;
- creating adequate framework conditions to enable a rapid transfer of knowledge and technological abilities in developing countries in the field of renewables and energy efficiency technologies;
3. Supporting developing countries in adapting to the impacts of climate change by
- enhancing development cooperation and integrating climate policies in poverty and development strategies;
- stringently integrating adaptation and catastrophe precautions into national and international development policies and their financial institutions and into poverty policy;
- targeted support for local communities and indigenous people in independent adaptation
- stringently aligning German and European development, foreign and trade policies with the common goal of effective and sustainable poverty reduction.